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This might be an indigenous poultry breed of the new Ukrainian tree-steppe area

This might be an indigenous poultry breed of the new Ukrainian tree-steppe area
POLTAVA CLAY (Poltavskaya glinistaya)

The source are unclear. It is believed that it was produced by crossing local hens having Fan Orpingtons. Good hereditary resemblance was found in the polymorphism out-of protein loci out of eggs off Poltava Clay and Rhode Isle Reds.

As step 1951 brand new Ukrainian Institute regarding Poultry Reproduction could have been involved in-breeding focus on Poltava Clay chickens on such basis as mass solutions to improve eggs production and you can real time pounds. Five inbred traces formal to possess egg development was in fact started in 1966; they were bred because of the mating 50 % of sibs. The common manufacturing hit 190-209 eggs per year with a keen eggs pounds away from 54-58 g. Production of winners hit 316 eggs a-year.

The fresh consolidating ability off wild birds because of these new lines was examined regarding mix that have White Leghorns. The manufacture of a few- or three-range interbreed hybrids was 236-240 egg per year that have an enthusiastic eggs pounds out-of 53-54 grams.

Poltava Clay birds is actually extensively delivered regarding Ukraine towards the farms maybe not specializing in poultry so when private assets of the rural population. In recent years their inventory has actually reduced out of 747 one hundred thousand inside 1974 so you’re able to 626 100 inside the 1980.

Poltava Clay birds provides lover plumage with black colored suggestions to journey and you can end feathers. Ear-lobes is purple; the fresh comb are green and you will shanks are reddish.

New reproduce was raised to have eggs and you may beef manufacturing. The fresh real time pounds out of 8-week-old . pullets is 0.8 kg as well as cockerels 0.nine kilogram; mature hens weighing 2.dos kilogram and you will cocks dos.6 kg. Many years during the readiness try 170 weeks. The average creation of Poltava hens is actually 170-190 eggs a year which have a weight of 56 g. The fresh new egg shell are brownish. Virility away from egg was 95% and you can hatchability 88%. Emergency price of the more youthful stock try ninety five% and of people 95%.

Poltava Clay birds are bred to own highest eggs production and egg pounds and are also found in autosexing crosses with wild birds which have white Columbian plumage.

MEAT-Egg Types ADLER Gold (Adlerskaya serebristaya)

This breed was produced in the Adler poultry complex in Krasnodar territory during 1951-65 by crossing chickens of five breeds. Males of the Pervomai breed were mated with Russian White females and the F1 crosses were bred inter se. F2 progeny with a high production and viability were mated with New Hampshire males in order to improve meat qualities. The three-breed crosses were bred inter se. Offspring selected on appearance and growth rate were mated with White Plymouth Rock cocks for further improvement of meat conformation. These four-way crosses were bred inter se and their offspring were selected according to „standard“ requirements. Some of these hens were mated with Yurlov cocks and the five-way crosses were bred inter se.

When making this reproduce an element of the reproduction method is actually selection of the young inventory into the live lbs within 60 days old, rate off feathering, meats conformation. For the for every age bracket, when selecting birds to the nucleus stock, preference got so you can specimens on the Columbian plumage trend.

The inventory away from Adler birds grew constantly and also by 1961 it had hit 4600 lead; during the 1962 it numbered 8100. When you look at the 1962 20 pencils regarding similar birds were formed in check to check cocks towards chicken attributes of the little ones. Promising genealogical contours from inside the reproduce have been acknowledged by 1965. The complete stock for the reason that seasons attained 46 one hundred thousand and you may transformation out-of hatching eggs rose so you’re able to five-hundred one hundred thousand. This new reproduce was increased in the Krasnodar and you may Stavropol areas plus Azerbaijan. Their population increased from 110 one hundred thousand during the 1975 so you can 603 100000 because of the 1980.

Trait attributes of new Adler breed is actually: one another animal meat and you will egg manufacturing, Columbian plumage trend, single brush, purple ear canal-lobes and purple shanks. This type of chickens keeps a proper-arranged skeleton.